Logical Fallacy Coursework Example

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Category:
English
Level:
PhD
Type:
AP
Pages:
1
Words:
275
Author’s Name Professor Course Due Date Logical Fallacy Worksheet Please type in your own example for each of the following logical fallacies, and submit to the designated drop box, Logical Fallacy Worksheet: for detailed descriptions, see "Avoiding Flawed Logic" (pp. 337-)Definition: fallacy: an error of reasoning based on faulty use of evidence or incorrect inference (interpretation of the facts) 1. hasty generalization (338) --       drawing a conclusion based on insufficient evidence 1. The stock market went down after I invested in an IRA, so therefore I should stop investing in the stock market. Your example: Mr. Smith is a qualified accountant. He is usually smartly dressed in a suit and a red tie. 1. post hoc or doubtful cause (338-9) --one event follows another, but it may not be caused by the other event. When I bring an umbrella to school, it does not rain. Because I have an umbrella that is the reason it does not rain. Your ex.: Every time I eat meat at night I fail to wake up early. Eating meat at night leads to my failure in waking up on time. false analogy (340) --a comparison is drawn between two situations that are not parallel Producing meat can be as efficient as producing cars in a factory. Your ex.: Baking bread is as easy as walking in the park. ad hominem (341)–an unfair attack on the person giving the opinion that is not related to the subject at hand How can Mitt Romney be a good president if he speaks French? Your ex.: I do not blame your failure to work under pressure; I understand your poor background. false dilemma (342)–the arguer implies that only two alternatives are available We should either keep building up troop levels or pull out completely. Your ex.: It is either you work hard to succeed in life, or you will die a failure. slippery slope (342)–an arguer suggests that one step will lead to a worse step, but she should provide evidence to back up this claim If we allow hate speech in sch...
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